Overview of how ecosystem changes can affect human health

J. A. Menezes, U. E.C. Confalonieri, R. B. dos Santos, M. A. Effen

Resultado de la investigación: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoCapítulorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Ecosystem changes can affect human health in several forms, most of them indirectly. Degraded ecosystems can affect water quality and availability, and cause a decrease in food production, climatic instability, poor protection against natural hazards (e.g., floods and storms), and loss of natural landscapes for aesthetic enjoyment. However, the most conspicuous and well-understood risks to health are those related to the infectious and parasitic diseases, especially those endemic in the tropical regions. The main driving forces responsible for ecosystem change today are the economic activities implemented to provide basic materials for livelihoods, such as a agriculture and animal husbandry, materials for construction (e.g., logging), and the provision of energy and water (e.g., dam building). Impacts of climate change also pose a new threat to ecosystems. These changes are taking place in a more rapid and intensive form in developing countries in the tropics.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaEncyclopedia of Environmental Health
EditorialElsevier
Páginas803-816
Número de páginas14
ISBN (versión digital)9780444639523
ISBN (versión impresa)9780444639516
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene. 2019
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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