Mitigación de daños provocados por fauna silvestre en cultivos agrícolas en un bosque montano de Bolivia

Eddy Pérez L., Luis Pacheco Acosta

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Wildlife is often blamed for causing damage to human activities, including agricultural practices and the result may be a conflict between human interests and species conservation. A formal assessment of the magnitude of damage is necessary to adequately conduct management practices and an assessment of the efficiency of different management practices is necessary to enable managers to mitigate the conflict with rural people. This study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of agricultural management practices and controlled hunting in reducing damage to subsistence annual crops at the Cotapata National Park and Natural Area of Integrated Management. The design included seven fields with modified agricultural practices, four fields subjected to control hunting, and five fields held as controls. We registered cultivar type, density, frequency of visiting species to the field, crops lost to wildlife, species responsible for damage, and crop biomass. Most frequent species in the fields were Dasyprocta punctata and Dasypus novemcinctus. Hunted plots were visited 1.6 times more frequently than agriculturally managed plots. Crop lost to wildlife averaged 7.28% at agriculturally managed plots, 4.59% in plots subjected to hunting, and 27.61% in control plots. Species mainly responsible for damage were Pecari tajacu, D. punctata, and Sapajus apella. We concluded that both management strategies were effective to reduce damage by >50% as compared to unmanaged crop plots.

Título traducido de la contribuciónWildlife damage mitigation in agricultural crops in a Bolivian montane forest
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)1495-1508
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónRevista de Biologia Tropical
Volumen62
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2014

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Universidad de Costa Rica. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Agricultural practices
  • Conflict mitigation
  • Crop damage
  • Dasyprocta
  • Local communities
  • Pecari
  • Track stations

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Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Mitigación de daños provocados por fauna silvestre en cultivos agrícolas en un bosque montano de Bolivia'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

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