Increased levels of genotoxic damage in a Bolivian agricultural population exposed to mixtures of pesticides

Jessika Barrón Cuenca, Noemí Tirado, Josue Barral, Imran Ali, Michael Levi, Ulla Stenius, Marika Berglund, Kristian Dreij

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

29 Citas (Scopus)


During the past decades, farmers in low to middle-income countries have increased their use of pesticides, and thereby the risk of being exposed to potentially genotoxic chemicals that can cause adverse health effects. Here, the aim was to investigate the correlation between exposure to pesticides and genotoxic damage in a Bolivian agricultural population. Genotoxic effects were assessed in peripheral blood samples by comet and micronucleus (MN) assays, and exposure levels by measurements of 10 urinary pesticide metabolites. Genetic susceptibility was assessed by determination of null frequency of GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes. The results showed higher MN frequency in women and farmers active ≥8 years compared to their counterpart (P < 0.05). In addition, age, GST genotype, alcohol consumption, and type of water source influenced levels of genotoxic damage. Individuals with high exposure to tebuconazole, 2,4-D, or cyfluthrin displayed increased levels of genotoxic damage (P < 0.05–0.001). Logistic regression was conducted to evaluate associations between pesticide exposure and risk of genotoxic damage. After adjustment for confounders, a significant increased risk of DNA strand breaks was found for high exposure to 2,4-D, odds ratio (OR) = 1.99 (P < 0.05). In contrast, high exposure to pyrethroids was associated with a reduced risk of DNA strand breaks, OR = 0.49 (P < 0.05). It was also found that high exposure to certain mixtures of pesticides (containing mainly 2,4-D or cyfluthrin) was significantly associated with increased level and risk of genotoxic damage (P < 0.05). In conclusion, our data show that high exposure levels to some pesticides is associated with an increased risk of genotoxic damage among Bolivian farmers, suggesting that their use should be better controlled or limited.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo133942
PublicaciónScience of the Total Environment
EstadoPublicada - 10 dic. 2019

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