Functional importance of avian seed dispersers changes in response to human-induced forest edges in tropical seed-dispersal networks

Francisco Saavedra, Isabell Hensen, Stephan G. Beck, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Denis Lippok, Till Töpfer, Matthias Schleuning

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

41 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Although seed-dispersal networks are increasingly used to infer the functioning of ecosystems, few studies have investigated the link between the properties of these networks and the ecosystem function of seed dispersal by animals. We investigate how frugivore communities and seed dispersal change with habitat disturbance and test whether relationships between morphological traits and functional roles of seed dispersers change in response to human-induced forest edges. We recorded interaction frequencies between fleshy fruited plants and frugivorous bird species in tropical montane forests in the Bolivian Andes and recorded functional bird traits (body mass, gape width and wing tip length) associated with quantitative (seed-removal rate) and qualitative (seed-deposition pattern) components of seed-dispersal effectiveness. We found that the abundance and richness of frugivorous birds were higher at forest edges. More fruits were removed and dispersed seeds were less clustered at edges than in the interior. Additionally, functional and interaction diversity were higher at edges than in the interior, but functional and interaction evenness did not differ. Interaction strength of bird species increased with body mass, gape width and wing tip length in the forest interior, but was not related to bird morphologies at forest edges. Our study suggests that increases in functional and interaction diversity and an even distribution of interaction strength across bird morphologies lead to enhanced quantity and tentatively enhanced quality of seed dispersal. It also suggests that the effects of species traits on ecosystem functions can vary along small-scale gradients of human disturbance.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)837-848
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónOecologia
Volumen176
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 24 oct. 2014
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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