Enfermedades diarreicas agudas asociadas a Rotavirus

Carla Romero, Nataniel Mamani, Kjetil Halvorsen, Volga Iñiguez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In the period of 2001-2002, a total of 1163 fecal samples were collected from children less than five years of age with diarrhea, at the Hospital Albina Patino and other health centers in Cochabamba city. Rotavirus infection general prevalence was 19%o (220), distributed among hospitalized children 24%o (77) and outpatients 17% (143). Rotavirus infections were observed along the whole study period, with highest prevalence in coldest months: April (24%), May (34%) and June (28%) and lowest frequencies (8-15%) in February, August, and September. Major rotavirus outbreak was significantly associated with the driest and colder season. The highest percentage of rotavirus infections (36,3%) was found among children between 7-12 months of age. Moderate dehydration, vomits and fever were the clinical symptoms more frequently associated with rotavirus acute gastroenteritis, being dehydration more common in hospitalized patients. The distribution of P and G genotypes analyzed by RT-PCR was: Gl (44%), G2 (6%), P[8] (24%) and P4 (15%). A co-infection P[8]P[6] was observed in 3 samples (4%). Genotype P[6] was found associated to outpatients. These findings, highlight that rotavirus is an important cause of acute gastroenteritis and that any of the currently available vaccines would potentially be protective against circulating strains found in the city of Cochabamba.

Título traducido de la contribuciónAcute diarrhea diseases associated to Rotavirus
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)549-558
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónRevista Chilena de Pediatria
Volumen78
N.º5
EstadoPublicada - oct. 2007
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Acute diarrheal diseases
  • G and P genotypes
  • RT-PCR
  • Rotavirus

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