Climate Change Health Impacts: The Need for Watershed and Ecohealth Approaches Base for Health Adaptation Strategies and Policies

Marilyn Aparicio-Effen, Oscar Paz-Rada, Ivar Arana-Pardo, James Aparicio, Cinthya Ramallo, Eufemia Briançon, Ximena Huanca, Gustavo Nagy

Resultado de la investigación: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoCapítulorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Climate change is modifying regional and local seasonal patterns of rainfall, temperatures, climate variability and extreme events. It is producing reduction in availability and quality of water for the most vulnerable population. Understanding the water problem constitutes a call for collective adoption of measures, through the integrated management of water resources. The health sector isolated action is insufficient to respond to this challenge. In this sense, we developed a comprehensive evaluation of health vulnerability and proposals for adaptation measures. Objective Provide evidences on climate change and sanitary impacts, which allows reducing the health vulnerability in the Palca watershed, as basis to design adaptation strategies and policies. Methodology Mixed research (qualitative-quantitative) descriptive, retrospective and correlational, not experimental; the climate, ecosystem, environmental, water, food and health security components followed specific methodologies to determine the direct and indirect effects of climate change on health. These components were evaluated to respond to prioritized index diseases, in the context of inter and transdisciplinary vulnerability Ecohealth assessment. Results The analysis of current and historical climate, presents warmer summers and less cold and drier winters, with significant increases in temperatures, which are warmer than the last 25 years. The rate of warming is increasing between 0.32 and 0.34 °C per decade. Melting local tropical glaciers, environmental mining pollution, head watershed and ecosystems deterioration evidences, was identified. The Sanitary Vulnerability to Climate Change is high for Acute Diarrheal Diseases (VCCADD), in upper, middle and lower part of watershed, related to water quality, which complies with physical–chemical parameters, but presents high levels of total coliforms and Eschericha coli. Based on results, an Intervention Proposal has been prepared, as a basis to design adaptation policies and strategies.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaClimate Change Management
EditorialSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Páginas375-399
Número de páginas25
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

Serie de la publicación

NombreClimate Change Management
ISSN (versión impresa)1610-2002
ISSN (versión digital)1610-2010

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

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