Andes Large area PArticle detector for Cosmic ray physics and Astronomy (ALPACA) is a new air shower array project as a collaboration between Bolivia and Japan to explore the 100 TeV gamma-ray sky in the southern hemisphere. In a plateau near the Chacaltaya mountain at 4,740 m altitude, a surface detector array covering 82,800 m2 with underground water Cherenkov muon detectors of total 5,400 m2 area will be constructed. Because of 2 m soil overburden, the muon detectors can detect muons of >1.2 GeV in air showers with a high purity. Using the conventional surface array to determine the primary energy and the arrival direction, the underground muon detectors improve the gamma/hadron separation and also mass identification of primary cosmic rays. For gamma-ray showers within zenith angle of 45 degrees, ALPACA has a full effective area above 20 TeV. At 20 TeV and 100 TeV, 99% and 99.9% hadron showers are rejected, respectively, while keeping the gamma-ray detection efficiency above 90%. Many interesting galactic objects can be observed with 0.2 degree angular resolution at 100 TeV with >2,000 hours/year exposure. ALPACA enables us the first sensitive survey of the southern gamma-ray sky at 100 TeV energy range that is crucial to identify PeV accelerating objects. Preparation for infrastructure and construction of a pathfinder array ALPAQUITA are ongoing. Scientific targets, expected performance of ALPACA including the prospects for some CR observations and current status are described.
|Publicación||Proceedings of Science|
|Estado||Publicada - 2019|
|Evento||36th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2019 - Madison, Estados Unidos|
Duración: 24 jul. 2019 → 1 ago. 2019
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