Simultaneous observation at sea level and at 5200 m.a.s.l. of high energy particles in the South Atlantic Anomaly

C. R.A. Augusto, C. E. Navia, K. H. Tsui, H. Shigueoka, Pedro Miranda Loza, Rolando Ticona Peralta, A. Velarde, O. Saavedra

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compare data obtained by two secondary cosmic ray detectors with different characteristics, located at Mt Chacaltaya, Bolivia (altitude 5200 m) and Niteroi, Brazil (sea level) respectively, separated by a distance of ∼2700 km but both inside the so-called South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) region, with different magnetic rigidities (cut-offs). A preliminary analysis, made on data obtained in September 2008, clearly shows some common characteristics between the two experiments, such as an increase in the intensity of charged particles from 3 h after sunrise until 1 h after sunset. During this period, the solar magnetic field lines overtake the Earth's surface. We conclude that in the SAA region and at ground level secondary particles have two origins. The first is from the galactic cosmic rays and the second is from particle precipitation. Other details of these observations, like the relative composition from galactic rays and precipitation, the day/night asymmetry, as well as sunset enhancement, are reported in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the National Council for Research (CNPq) of Brazil, under Grant 479813/2004-3 and 476498/2007-4 , and for the Instituto de Investigaciones Físicas of the Universidad Mayor de San Andres of La Paz, Bolivia.

Keywords

  • Cosmic ray
  • Geomagnetic effects
  • Particle precipitation

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