Phylogeography and genetic divergence of some lymnaeid snails, intermediate hosts of human and animal fascioliasis with special reference to lymnaeids from the Bolivian Altiplano

R. Jabbour-Zahab, J. P. Pointier, J. Jourdane, P. Jarne, J. A. Oviedo, M. D. Bargues, S. Mas-Coma, René Anglés Rivero, G. Perera, C. Balzan, K. Khallayoune, F. Renaud

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67 Scopus citations

Abstract

A population genetic study using starch gel electrophoresis was performed on populations of several species of lymnaeid snails acting as intermediate hosts for Fasciola hepatica (Trematoda, Plathyhelminth). Lymnaea viatrix was collected in 16 sites from the Bolivian Northern Altiplano. L. cubensis were obtained in one site from Venezuela, one site from Guadeloupe, three sites from Cuba and one site from the Dominican Republic. L. truncatula were collected in one site from France, one from Portugal and one from Morocco. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MEE) were determined for 282 snails at 18 loci. A complete monomorphism was encountered at each geographic site. However, among these 18 loci, 13 are polymorphic and low and high levels of genetic divergence were observed between samples. Two genotypic groups can be differentiated by their multilocus genotypes. The western genotypic group associates together samples from Venezuela, Guadeloupe, Cuba and Dominican Republic (L. cubensis) while samples from France, Portugal and Morocco (L. truncatula) belong to the eastern genotypic group. Surprisingly, the Northern Bolivian Altiplano populations (L. viatrix) do not present any genetic divergence with the Portuguese sample. Therefore, the Bolivian snails belong entirely to the eastern genetic group. Within each group, slight genetic divergences were observed. These results strongly support the European origin of the lymnaeid snails from the Northern Bolivian Altiplano.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalActa Tropica
Volume64
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biological diversity
  • L. cubensis
  • L. truncatula
  • Lymnaea viatrix
  • multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MEE)
  • population genetics
  • snails

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