New types of potentially antimalarial agents: Epidioxy-substituted norditerpene and norsesterpenes from the marine sponge Diacarnus levii

Michele D'Ambrosio, Antonio Guerriero, Eric Deharo, Cécile Debitus, Victoria Muñoz Ortiz, Francesco Pietra

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Abstract

Natural free carboxylic acids from the hadromerid sponge Diacarnus levii (Kelly-Borges and Vacelet) were esterified to yield the new cyclic norditerpene peroxides ent-muqubilin benzyl ester (= (αR,3S,6R)-α,6- dimethyl-6-[(E)-4-methyl-6-(2,6,6-trimethyl-cyclohex-1-en-1-yl)hex-3-enyl]- 1,2-dioxan-3-acetic acid benzyl ester; 6), diacarnoate B methyl ester (=(αS,3S,6R)-α,6-dimethyl-6-{2-[(4aS,SaS)-3,4,4a,5,6,7,8,Sa-octahydro-3- oxo2,5,5,Sa-tetramethylnaphthalen-l-yl)ethyl}-1,2-dioxan-3-acetic acid methyl ester; 9), and deoxydiacarnoate B benzyl ester (= (αS,3R,6R)-α,6- dimethyl-6-~2-[(4aS,8aS)-3,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-2,5,5,8a-tetramethyl- l-naphthalenyl]ethyl}-1,2-dioxan-3-acetic acid benzyl ester; 10), which were isolated following extensive chromatography. The relative configuration of the peroxide/α-methylacetate moiety of 6, 9, and 10 was directly determined from their NMR spectra. The absolute configurations of the peroxide/α- methylacetate moiety was deduced from comparative 1H-NMR data of the (S)- and (R)-phenylglycine methyl ester derivatives 7 and 8 as well as 11/13 and 12/14, all obtained from a mixture of the precursors of 3, 6, and 10. The absolute configuration at the carbobicyclic moiety of enone 9 and of 10, is identical, as established by chemical interconversion, 9 and 10 belong to the normal labdane series according to empirical CD rules, applied either directly to 9 or to the parent (+)-sclareolide-derived enone 20. In contrast, molar rotation additivity rules suggest the ent-labdane configuration for 9 and 10. The epidioxides 1-3, 6, and 10 proved active in vitro against the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum; especially the previously isolated methyl 3-epinuapapuanoate (2) was active against a chloroquine-resistant strain, and this with a good security index.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1292
Number of pages8
JournalHelvetica Chimica Acta
Volume81
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

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