Loss-of-load probability analysis for optimization of small off-grid PV-battery systems in Bolivia

Fabian Benavente-Araoz, Anders Lundblad, Pietro Elia Campana, Yang Zhang, Saul Cabrera, Göran Lindbergh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This study evaluates the use of energy storage technologies coupled to renewable energy sources in rural electrification as a way to address the energy access challenge. Characteristic energy demanding applications will differently affect the operating conditions for off-grid renewable energy systems. This paper discusses and evaluates simulated photovoltaic power output and battery state of charge profiles, using estimated climate data and electricity load profiles for the Altiplanic highland location of Patacamaya in Bolivia to determine the loss of load probability as optimization parameter. Simulations are performed for three rural applications: household, school, and health center. Increase in battery size prevents risk of electricity blackouts while increasing the energy reliability of the system. Moreover, increase of PV module size leads to energy excess conditions for the system reducing its efficiency. The results obtained here are important for the application of off-grid PV-battery systems design in rural electrification projects, as an efficient and reliable source of electricity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3715-3720
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Procedia
StatePublished - 2017
Event9th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2017 - Cardiff, United Kingdom
Duration: 21 Aug 201724 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The financial support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) is gratefully acknowledged. The work was conducted within the cooperation program between Swedish and Bolivian governments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s).


  • Energy storage
  • Li ion batteries
  • Photovoltaic
  • Renewable Energy
  • Rural Electrification
  • State of Charge


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