Anthropogenic pressure in the high altitude lakes such as Titicaca and Uru (Bolivia) may favor the production of methylmercury (MeHg) known to accumulate in trophic chains. Periphyton associated with emerged aquatic plants (totoras) from the lake shores accumulates and demethylates MeHg providing a potential cost-effective water treatment technique. In this laboratory study, we measured the MeHg uptake kinetics of a consortium of green algae isolated from Lake Titicaca totora's periphyton. The most abundant algal consortium, composed of Oedogonium spp., Chlorella spp., Scenedesmus spp., was exposed to rising MeHg concentrations (from 5 to 200 ng·L−1) to assess their maximum potential capacity for MeHg accumulation. Various algal biomass concentrations were tested to choose the optimal one. Results provided a net MeHg uptake rate by this algal consortium of 2.38 amol ng−1·h−1·nM−1 (the total uptake was 2863 ng MeHg·g−1) for an initial concentration of 200 ng MeHg·L−1 with an algal biomass concentration of 0.02 g·L−1. This initial MeHg concentration is 1000 times higher than the one measured in the eutrophic Cohana Bay of Lake Titicaca, which shows the high accumulation potential of these green algae. Our data suggest that periphyton has a high potential for the treatment of Hg contaminated waters in constructing wetlands in the Andean Altiplano.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Authors would like to acknowledge the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (No. 75000553–04 ) for making part of this work possible through the “Aquatic Pollution and Remediation” project at Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, Bolivia. Additionally, this work was supported by the Institute of Research for Development (IRD), thorugh the " Jeune équipe associée à l’IRD " (JEAI) TITICACA project.
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