Evaluation of antinociceptive effects of Galipea longiflora alkaloid extract and major alkaloid 2-phenylquinoline

F. Campos-Buzzi, M. Fracasso, B. K. Clasen, Juan Carlos Ticona Huallpara, Alberto José Gimenez Turba, Valdir Cechinel-Filho

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study evaluated the antinociceptive properties of an alkaloid extract and 2-phenylquinoline obtained from the bark of Galipea longiflora Krause (Rutaceae) against different models of pain in mice. The results demonstrate that the alkaloid extract caused a pronounced antinociceptive effect with the main alkaloid detected, 2-phenylquinoline, exhibiting moderate activity. The alkaloid extract had a calculated ID50 value of 20.3 mg/kg i.p. and less than 50 mg/kg p.o. against the writhing test which proved to be more effective than the reference drugs when administered by both routes. The ID50 of 2-phenylquinoline was 52.8 mg/kg i.p. with an inhibition of 24.5% when administered orally at 100 mg/kg. In the formalin test the alkaloid extract, but not 2-phenylquinoline, significantly inhibited both phases of pain (neurogenic and inflammatory) at 10 mg/kg i.p. with inhibitions of 37.4% and 58.3%, respectively. The alkaloid extract and 2-phenylquinoline caused only a modest effect in the capsaicin and glutamate tests. In the hot plate test, the alkaloid extract increased the latency time by 25.6% at 10 mg/kg i.p. compared to 2-phenylquinoline which was less effective. It appears that the antinociceptive effects of this plant may be attributed, at least in part, to the presence of some antinociceptive alkaloids in minor concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-711
Number of pages5
JournalMethods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

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