Development and performance evaluation of an In-House ELISA for the detection of group A rotavirus in diarrheal stool samples from children and domestic South American camelids

Leonarda Achá Alarcón, Lucia Gonzales-Siles, Ewald Beck, Volga Iñiguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Group A rotavirus (RVA) is a prevalent pathogen causing acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in young children and animals. We developed an in-house ELISA (ROTA-GeFeK) for RVA detection, based on the expression of native recombinant VP6 protein in E. coli. To detect the RVA antigen, rabbit polyclonal IgG antibodies, produced against rVP6,were used as capture and detector antibodies in a sandwich ELISA. To validate the ROTA-GeFeK, 252 stool samples from children with AGE, were evaluated by conventional RT-PCR and commercial ELISA. Compared to RT-PCR, the ROTAGeFeK had a sensitivity of 88.2 % and a specificity of 94.4 %. Total detection rates with the ROTA-GeFeK, commercial ELISA and RT-PCR were 58 %, 58 % and 64 % respectively. The limit of detection was equal to 2.1 × 10 4 CCID 50 of the RVA strain RIX4414. No cross-reactivity with other enteric pathogens was observed. The RVApositive samples detected by the assay belonged to a diversity of G and [P] genotypes.This assay displayed reactivity and was proved to be useful for the detection of RVA in diarrheal samples of domestic South American Camelids. We suggest that the ROTAGeFeK can be used as an epidemiologic tool for rotavirus surveillance and for RVA detection in other animal species.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114453
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Volume301
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the support of the Rotavirus Surveillance Network at the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI), at the Ministry of Health of The Plurinational State of Bolivia.

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Swedish Research Council funding for Swedish Research Links Grant 2016-05841 , the SIDA-UMSA Program (Diarrheal Diseases) and the GEFEK Foundation (Germany) .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Keywords

  • In-House ELISA
  • Recombinant protein
  • Rotavirus
  • Surveillance
  • VP6

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