Atrane precursors in the one-pot surfactant-assisted synthesis of high zirconium content porous silicas

Jamal El Haskouri, Saúl Orlando Cabrera Medina, Carmen Guillem, Julio Latorre, Aurelio Beltrán, Daniel Beltrán, M. Dolores Marcos, Pedro Amorós

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55 Scopus citations

Abstract

A diversity of zirconium-containing porous silicas of the MCM-41 type (Zr-MCM-41, ∞ ≥ Si/Zr ≥ 0.33) has been synthesized from aqueous solution using a cationic surfactant (CTABr = cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) as the structural directing agent, and starting from molecular atrane complexes of Zr and Si as precursors. Atrane inertness toward hydrolysis allows harmonization of the reactivity of the Zr and Si species, which in turn avoids subsequent phase segregation and results in chemically very homogeneous materials. Materials characterization by XRD, TEM, and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms shows that all the prepared Zr-MCM-41 solids have high surface area and unimodal narrow pore size distribution, whereas their pore packing motives range from ordered hexagonal to wormhole-like arrays depending on the Zr content. The study of the local environment of the Zr atoms in these solids has been approached by means of spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-vis, and NMR).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5015-5022
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

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