A study of the chemical composition of Erythroxylum coca var. coca leaves collected in two ecological regions of Bolivia

M. Sauvain, C. Rerat, C. Moretti, E. Saravia, S. Arrazola, E. Gutierrez, A. M. Lema, Victoria Muñoz Ortiz

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coca - Erythroxylum coca Lamarck var. coca - remains one of the most common plants of the folk medicine of Bolivia used as a general stimulant. Aymara and Quechua natives prefer to chew the sweeter coca leaves from the Yungas (tropical mountain forests of the eastern slopes of the Andes) rather than those from the Chapare lowlands. The contents in cocaine and minor constituents of leaf samples cultivated in these regions does not rationalize this choice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-191
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Ethnopharmacology
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1997

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank E. Deharo, J. Bravo and E. Ruiz for technical work, A. Bruckner for the review of the project, M. Lebelle of the Bureau of Drug Research in Ottawa for providing us with chemical standards and suggestions and G. Massiot for helpful comments. We are also grateful to the French Ministry for Foreign Affairs for financial support.

Keywords

  • Bolivia
  • Chapare
  • Cinnamoylcocaine
  • Cocaine
  • Erythroxylum coca var. coca
  • Yungas

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